A: Looping on the underside, or back of the fabric, means the top tension is too loose compared to the bobbin tension, so the bobbin thread is pulling too much top thread underneath. By tightening the top tension, the loops will stop, but the added tension may cause breakage, especially with sensitive threads.
You should see a small screw on the flat/closed side of the bobbin case. Turning the screw a tiny bit counterclockwise will loosen the bobbin tension; turning it clockwise will tighten the tension.
If the bobbin case doesn’t budge, your bobbin tension is too tight. To tighten your bobbin tension, turn the tiny screw on the bobbin case a smidgen clockwise. To loosen bobbin tension, turn the screw counterclockwise. A quarter turn or less is a good place to start.
Make sure that you are using the same weight thread in both your bobbin and upper thread. If you don’t, your tension can be uneven and cause you to get bunched-up thread under your fabric. … If your tension is too tight, it can pull your thread and break it. Turn your tension dial counterclockwise to loosen it.
If your thread is pulled tight on the underside and not forming an even stitch then (counter-intuitively) it’s usually the top thread tension that’s wrong. Sometimes very lightweight fabrics such as sheers can get dragged down into the machine so it’s a good idea to use a straight stitch plate.
Why does my sewing machine keep jamming underneath?
However certain you are that the problem with the machine is most likely due to a huge tangled mess of thread in the bobbin underneath the fabric, the most common reason for the jamming is usually the lack of sufficient tension in the upper thread.
What should the tension be on a Brother sewing machine?
a. The tension dial should be set between 2 to 6. b. When the upper thread is just visible on the back of the fabric, the thred tension is correct.
How do I stop my sewing machine from bunching up?
A good cleaning may solve your bunching woes (check your manual for guidelines on cleaning and maintenance; your machine may also need to be oiled). To prevent stitch glitches, be sure to frequently dust underneath the throat plate and along the thread path, and to periodically clean and oil your machine.