What does turn in knitting mean?
To turn, you literally stop in the middle of the row, turn your needles and start knitting in the opposite direction. This leaves a gap in the stitches. When turning sock heels, you will knit the stitch before the gap and the one after it together, eliminating any hole in the finished piece.
What is the purpose of short rows in knitting?
Short Rows are used to create triangles or wedges within your knitting. They shape everything from bust darts to ear flaps. Basically, a Short Row is just that: a row that you don’t knit to the end of the needle.