Can tobacco mosaic virus spread to other plants?
If the sap contains TMV, it can be introduced into other plants when those come in contact with this sap. Sucking insects such as aphids do not spread TMV. Chewing insects such as grasshoppers and caterpillars occasionally spread the virus but are usually not important in spread.
Can a tobacco mosaic virus infect a human?
Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), a widespread plant pathogen, is found in tobacco (including cigarettes and smokeless tobacco) as well as in many other plants. Plant viruses do not replicate or cause infection in humans or other mammals.
Does mosaic virus stay in soil?
The virus often appears following cool conditions that favor aphid flights. Unlike TMV (tobacco mosaic virus), CMV is not seedborne in tomato and does not persist in plant debris in the soil or on workers’ hands or clothing.
What does mosaic virus do?
THE TOBACCO MOSAIC VIRUS
Tobacco mosaic virus causes a mottled browning of tobacco leaves, and accordingly is of major economic importance. It also infects other crops, most notably tomatoes. The virus is spread mechanically from infected plants to scratched or damaged leaves of normal plants.
Which plants are affected by tobacco mosaic virus?
TMV is a single-stranded RNA virus that commonly infects Solanaceous plants, which is a plant family that includes many species such as petunias, tomatoes and tobacco.
What is the size of tobacco mosaic virus?
Particles of Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) consist of a 6.4 kb molecule of single-stranded RNA encapsidated by approximately 2130 copies of the 17.5 kDa coat protein arranged with helical symmetry. TMV particles are hollow cylinders 300 nm in length with external and internal diameters of 18 and 4 nm, respectively.
Can plants recover from virus?
Virus-induced diseases cause severe damages to cultivated plants resulting in crop losses. Interestingly, in some cases, the diseased plants are able to re-gain health, further grow and develop normally.
Can you eat a watermelon with mosaic virus?
Yes, you can eat squash and melons that are infected with mosaic virus. These viruses are not harmful to humans and do not cause the fruit to rot. Often the discoloration is only skin deep. In cases where fruit are severely distorted, the texture of the fruit may be affected and may not be desirable for eating.
How do you test for tobacco mosaic virus?
Currently, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are the most commonly used methods to detect TMV in plants2. However, the processes of those methods are quite time-consuming, complex, and even challenging since the TMV may distribute unevenly in plant tissues at low level.